Sinus Infections & Sinusitis

Sinusitis and Infection Details

Sinus infections are not only uncomfortable, they can also be a symptom of sinusitis, or inflammation of the sinuses that prevents mucus from draining properly. If you are experiencing recurring or chronic sinus infections, nasal congestion, headaches, or facial pain, you may have sinusitis.

Sinusitis is a term that refers to inflammation of the lining of the sinuses. This lining is called mucosa. When the mucosa gets inflamed, obstruction of the sinus drainage pathways can occur. Things that can trigger inflammation of the mucosa are a cold, allergies, a deviated septum, reflux disease, nasal polyps, and certain chronic diseases.

Types of Sinusitis:

  • Acute sinusitis – A sudden onset of cold-like symptoms that typically lasts less than four weeks
  • Subacute sinusitis – An inflammation lasting one to two months
  • Chronic sinusitis – A sinus infection that lasts more than two months but can continue for years
  • Recurrent sinusitis – Several sinus infections within a year

Infections can be fungal or bacterial in origin. Bacterial infections are the most common with fungal infections being much less frequent.

Symptoms of Sinusitis

These are the most commonly experienced sinus-related symptoms:

  • Facial pain
  • Headaches
  • Difficulty breathing through nose
  • Teeth pain
  • Vision disturbances
  • Discolored nasal drainage
  • Lethargy/lack of energy

What Causes Sinusitis?

There are many causes of chronic sinusitis.  The common causes may include nasal polyps, allergic reactions, allergies such as hayfever, a deviated septum, or other medical conditions.

Take Our Sinus Quiz

Our quiz measures symptoms, along with frequency and duration, and is used as a tool for diagnosis and treatment.

Chronic sinusitis may occur as a result of:

  • Allergies that prevent frequent sinus drainage
  • Complications such as a narrowed sinus passage or deviated septum
  • A recurring acute sinus infection that has become chronic

If you are having  sinus issues that are just lingering or do not seem to be improving, you should have The Sinus Center of South Carolina perform:

  • A nasal endoscopy to evaluate the status of your nasal cavity
  • A CT scan to look at the degree of infection
  • Allergy testing

Once the results are determined, we can prescribe a treatment plan for you.